10 Апр Madrid Agreement Protocol Difference
The Bern Court had characterized the opposition procedure as an appeal within the meaning of the last sentence of Article 6, Section 3 of the Madrid Agreement. The Supreme Court, which relies mainly on the French text of this provision, which is one of the languages of the Madrid agreement in Switzerland and which is more instructive than the German wording, which is a translation, has concluded that the term «action» includes only civil rights actions and not opposition proceedings. Therefore, the opposition procedures are not covered by Article 6, Section 3, of the Madrid Agreement. As a result, the Swiss part of the international brand FOCUS has been invalidated in Switzerland. It is one of the few supreme court decisions that interprets the Madrid system. However, since 1 September 2008, Article 9sexies of the Madrid Protocol has been in force in Switzerland. This article gives priority to the protocol if the countries concerned are both members of the protocol and the Madrid agreement. For example, it is possible, under the protocol, to obtain an international registration on the basis of a pending trademark application, so that a trademark holder can, simultaneously or immediately after, file an application in a Member State, effectively apply for an international registration. In comparison, the agreement requires that the trademark holder already have an existing registration in a member jurisdiction, which can often take many months and sometimes years. Moreover, the agreement does not allow for the «conversion» of international records that have been «centrally attacked». The protocol has been in force since 1996 and has 100 members, making it more popular than the agreement, which has been in force for more than 110 years and has 55 members.  The main reason why the protocol is more popular than the agreement is that the protocol has introduced a number of changes to the Madrid system that have greatly improved its usefulness for trademark holders. In 1966 and 1967, efforts were made to address this problem by creating a new treaty that would reflect the needs of the time, not the world of the 1890s, when the agreement was adopted.
This led to the development of the Trademark Registration Treaty (TRT), which was adopted in Vienna in 1973 and came into force in 1980 with five States Parties, namely Burkina Faso, Congo, Gabon, the Soviet Union and Togo. Given that there were no other TRT memberships and that the number of registrations had been low since its inception, it was clear that the TRT would probably not have supplanted the Madrid agreement. On 31 July 2015, Algeria tabled its accession instrument and will accede to the Madrid Protocol on 31 October 2015. As Algeria is the last member of the Madrid system to comply, the protocol is now effective throughout the Madrid system.  Madrid`s international trademark registration system consists of two agreements. The Madrid Agreement of 1891 on the International Registration of Trademarks (`the Agreement`) and the 1989 Madrid Protocol (`protocol`) came into force on 1 April 1996. The agreement and the protocol are guarantees, but independent of each other. (The unusual name of «protocol» implies that both agreements have the same structure, so that the sections — with the same number — contain the same points.) The common regulations apply to both all international notifications filed under the Madrid Agreement and the Protocol.